But whereas the anointing of Saul was done surreptitiously and for a definite purpose which was explained at the time (1 Samuel 10:1), that of David was performed before his whole family, but with what object he was not told (1 Samuel 16:13). The tidings of the death of his rebellious son filled the heart of David with the most poignant grief. Perseguido por Saul S.18-26. Nome Adam - Origine e significato Voce francese, inglese e tedesca del nostro Adamo. "The greatness of David was felt when he was gone. 2 Samuel 8:13; 1 Chronicles 18:11 with the title of 1 Samuel 23:24), and his whole career is largely to be explained by the fact that, at the moment, the tribe of Judah as a whole was passing from insignificance to supremacy. This cave was admirably suited to the outlaw's purpose and no doubt David had many a time explored its recesses when a boy. Sexuality is a motif in the accounts of the sin with Bathsheba, the death of the child from an adulterous union, one son's rape of a daughter, the competition for the father's bedmate Abishag, Uriah's refusal to visit his wife, the seizure of David's concubines, and the childlessness of Saul's daughter Michal. Zion became henceforth "God's holy hill.". 21 // 2 Sam. The prophet or seer was keeper of the king's conscience and was not appointed by him, but claimed divine authority (2 Samuel 7:3,1; 12:1; 24:11). She gave birth to a second son, whom David called Solomon, and who ultimately succeeded him on the throne ( 2 Samuel 12:24 2 Samuel 12:25 ). He believed in Yahweh alone as the ruler, if not of the universe, at any rate of all the world known to him. He never shirked danger (1 Samuel 17:28,34) and delighted in hairbreadth escapes in 1 Samuel 26:6. The title "Christ" is a Greek translation of the Hebrew anointed one or messiah. During his wandering David's followers increased in numbers (compare David's position was perhaps the most difficult imaginable. There was no reason why it should not be so. David was a strong believer in the power of Nemesis, and that daughter of Night played a considerable part in his life. Thus began the cleavage between Judah and Israel. Just as David had once gone into singlehanded combat with the great enemy of Israel so Jesus would singlehandedly triumph over the enemy of our souls. The duty of Abiathar, David's first priest (1 Samuel 22:20), was to carry the ephod--an object used for casting lots (1 Samuel 23:6), in order to decide what to do in cases where there was no other way of making up one's mind (1 Samuel 30:7). After a reign of forty years and six months ( 2 Samuel 5:5 ; 1 Chronicles 3:4 ) David died (B.C. It is not to be wondered at that Saul was hostile to David. But his title to the throne was not undisputed. The first encounter between the two opposing armies, led on the one side by Abner, and on the other by Joab, took place at the pool of Gibeon. His brothers do not seem to have thought the matter of much consequence (compare 1 Samuel 17:28), and all David could conclude from it was that he was destined to some high office--perhaps that of Samuel's successor (compare 1 Kings 19:15,16). Saul continued his pursuit of David, who narrowly escaped from him at this time, and fled to the crags and ravines of Engedi, on the western shore of the Dead Sea ( 1 Samuel 23:29 ). Against the combined forces of all the Israelite tribes these had never been able to effect much. His father was apparently not only the chief man of the place, but he seems to have been chieftain of the whole clan to which he belonged--the clan of Judah. He was regarded as the chosen of Heaven, by friend and foe alike (1 Samuel 23:17). But he had left it an imperial power, with dominions like those of Egypt or Assyria. David - Traduccion ingles de diccionario ingles. Ahithophel was Absalom's chief counsellor. Prudence or wisdom was indeed what his biographer most remarks in him (1 Samuel 18:5,30), and situated as he was he could not have too much of it. This period of his career is full of stirring adventures which remind us of Robert Bruce or William Wallace of Scotland. This is due mainly to what appears to be an insoluble difficulty in 1 Samuel 16 and 17. Absalom was there proclaimed king. Saul again went forth ( 1 Samuel 26 ) in pursuit of David, who had hid himself "in the hill Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon," in the wilderness of Ziph, and was a second time spared through his forbearance. El significado de David es “el amado y querido”. David and Michal seem to have lived on terms of perfect equality (2 Samuel 6:20). The deep-laid plots of the enraged king, who could not fail to observe that David "prospered exceedingly," all proved futile, and only endeared the young hero the more to the people, and very specially to Jonathan, Saul's son, between whom and David a life-long warm friendship was formed. The book of Psalms commonly bears the title of the "Psalms of David," from the circumstance that he was the largest contributor (about eighty psalms) to the collection. Thence after two years he returned (chapter 14), only to foment rebellion against his father (chapter 15), leading to civil war between David and Judah on the one side and Absalom and Israel on the other (chapters 16; 17), and ending in the death of himself (chapter 18) and of Amasa, David's nephew, at the hands of his cousins Joab and Abishai (20:7), as well as nearly precipitating the disruption of the newly founded kingdom (19:43). The occasion which led to this warning was the census of the people taken by Joab at the kings orders, ( 2 Samuel 24:1-9 ; 1 Chronicles 21:1-7 ; 1 Chronicles 27:23 1 Chronicles 27:24 ) which was for some reason sinful in Gods sight. Moreover, behind all national movements there lay the power of the prophets, the representatives of Yahweh. Had he had the power to refuse what he believed to be the decree of Fate, he would hardly escape censure for his ambition and disloyalty. Yet it must be confessed that David's prudence often degenerates into cunning. Saul with his 3,000 picked men (1 Samuel 24:2; 26:2), but he was not a great general. He even attempts to find an excuse for him (1 Samuel 26:19), while depreciating himself (1 Samuel 24:14; 26:20) in phrases which are more than a mere oriental metonymy (2 Samuel 9:8). His first step was to move his headquarters from the Southern Hebron, which he had been compelled at first to make his capital, to the more central Jerusalem. With the exception of the account of David's census (1 Chron. He ruled over a vast empire, and his capital was enriched with the spoils of many lands. David's fall. Saul inquired his parentage, and took him finally to his court. The tribesmen of Benjamin near whose border his home was situated were famed through all Israel as slingers, some of whom could sling at a hair and not miss (Judges 20:16). This was greatly to David's regret. His gratitude is often a keen sense of favors to come. If there were to be a ruling house, it must be the Davidic dynasty; it did not occur to the Jews to think of any other solution (Amos 9:11; Hosea 3:5; Jeremiah 30:9; Zechariah 12:8). Achish summoned David with his men to join his army against Saul; but the lords of the Philistines were suspicious of David's loyalty, and therefore he was sent back to Ziklag, which he found to his dismay may had been pillaged and burnt during his brief absence. Yet his conduct toward the sons of Ammon was even more cruel (2 Samuel 12:31), and for less cause (10:1). When still an outlaw David required the services of a henchman to take command of his men in his absence. If we accept all the statements of the dramatis personae in these narratives we shall not get very far. So too in the Septuagint psalter (Psalms 150:2) we read, "My hands made an organ, my fingers fashioned a psaltery"; and gradually the whole of the Psalms came to be ascribed to David as author. Estaba sobre una colina cerca del último sitio del templo. Diccionario hebreo bíblico es una herramienta para aprender de una manera fácil y sencilla el significado de las palabras bíblicas en hebreo. But he soon again came into prominence. Israel at his accession had reached the lowest point of national depression; its new-born unity rudely dissolved; its territory assailed by the Philistines. These narratives are intertwined with the theme of David as a man: a husband and father (Michal, Bathsheba, Amnon, Absalom, Solomon, Adonijah). 1. It appears that David was the youngest son, probably the youngest child, of a family of ten, and was born in Bethlehem B.C. In the early Christian centuries all the Psalms were ascribed to David and, where necessary, explained as prophecies. All classes had unbounded confidence in his personal courage and soldierly qualities (2 Samuel 18:3), and were themselves driven to restrain his military ardor (2 Samuel 21:17). Abner took Ish-bosheth, Saul's only remaining son, over the Jordan to Mahanaim, and there crowned him as king. Instead of an aged, bed-ridden David who only saves the kingdom for Solomon at the last minute due to the promptings of Bathsheba and Nathan (1 Kings 1), the Chronicler shows a smooth transition of power without a ripple of dissent (1 Chron. Next to the prophet came the priest. The reception of the tidings of the death of his rival and of his friend, the solemn mourning, the vent of his indignation against the bearer of the message, the pathetic lamentation that followed, will close the second period of Davids life. We must remember, however, that David lived among persons hardly one of whom he could trust. Proud member As contrasted with the poets of these tribes he could boast in his verses only of Ibzan who belonged to his own town of Bethlehem (Judges 12:8). His hope of salvation lay in the death of his king, the father of his wife and of his best friend. He was pursued to Abelbeth-maachah, and was there put to death, and so the revolt came to an end. They met in hostile array at the wood of Ephraim ( 2 Samuel 18:1-8 ). Este nombre sencillo y bonito hará que tu hijo pueda tener un nombre sencillo de pronunciar y de recordar. The books from Joshua through Kings are often called the Deuteronomic … Una de las primeras apariciones del nombre David es en la Biblia. David thus became the chief of a band of outlaws who numbered about 400. He bitterly bewailed his sins before God. His life may be divided into three portions: His youth before his introduction to the court of Saul; His relations with Saul; His reign. That Jesus was descended from David (Matthew 9:27, etc.) ( 2 Samuel 12:10 ) The outrage on his daughter Tamar, the murder of his eldest son Amnon, and then the revolt of his best-beloved Absalom, brought on the crisis which once more sent him forth as wanderer, as in the days when he fled from Saul. El web "Estudiar la Biblia" proporciona una gran cantidad de recursos cristianos: estudios bíblicos, testimonios cristianos, vídeos evangélicos, etc. He thus delivered Israel from their enemies. the ten toes on the feet of the image of Nebuchadnezzar's dream supplying our need. The historical books recall David's skill as a musician and his concern with music in worship ( 1 Sam 16:14-21 ; 1 Chron 25 ; 2 Chron 23:18 ; 29:25-30 ; 35:15 ). The rebellion of Absalom was probably due to the fact of Solomon having been designated David's successor (compare 12:24; 1 Chronicles 22:9), for Absalom had the best claim, Amnon being dead and Chileab apparently of no account. David's wars. Yet when coupled with the Chronicler's emphasis on God's promise to David of an enduring dynasty ( 1 Chron 17:11-14 ; 2 Chronicles 13:5 2 Chronicles 13:8 ; 21:7 ; 23:3 ), the Chronicler's treatment of David and Solomon reflects a "messianic historiography." David también fue un rey de los judíos capaz de derrotar al gigante Goliat. Bible Dictionaries - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - David, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - David, Bible Dictionaries - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary - David, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - David, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - David, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Violence and political intrigue are interspersed in the accounts of David's wars, Saul's attempts on David's life, the violence of Joab and his brothers, the murder of Uriah, fratricide among David's sons, the slaughter of the helpless Absalom, and David's plans for the deaths of his enemies soon after his own death. Israel had looked at Saul's height and build — there was no one like him among all the people ( 1 Sam 10:24 ); although God had chosen Saul, he knew what was in his heart. He offered the services of himself and his little army of 600 men to the enemies of his country. Le significato … Here he was joined, apparently for the first time, by his nephew Joab. About seventy years had passed since it had stood in the tabernacle at Shiloh. The kohen (priest) was, as the name indicates, a soothsayer or diviner. The only person who bears this name in the Bible is the son of Jesse, the second king of Israel. Discovered possibly by "the sword of Goliath," his presence revived the national enmity of the Philistines against their former conqueror, and he only escaped by feigning madness. As no other descendants of Nahshon are mentioned, his authority probably descended to Jesse by right of primogeniture. Le gustan los retos, sin embargo piensa muy bien qué hacer y la mejor manera de hacerlo, para estar preparado ante cualquier situación. His fine elegies upon the death of Saul and Jonathan, Abner and Absalom show that his nature was untainted with malice. Here the following points are to be noted: David belonged to the tribe of Judah: his ancestor Nahshon was chieftain of the whole tribe (Numbers 1:7; 2:3; 1 Chronicles 2:10) and brother-in-law of Aaron the high priest (Exodus 6:23). It is sometimes supposed that we have here two inconsistent accounts of David's flight, according to one of which he fled to Samuel at Ramah, and according to the other to Ahimelech at Nob; but there is no necessity for such a supposition, and even if it were correct, it would not clear up all the difficulties of the narrative. He was guilty of murder. Yet it must be confessed that this constant looking forward to the future takes away from the spontaneity of his virtue. David, however, had already built for himself a stone palace, and he wished now to add to it a chapel royal in the shape of a small temple, such as the neighboring kings had. the significance of ten is sustained, for the five shekels were 1 Samuel 17:20, when Israel went to fight the Philistines. a. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Yet he could rule them by gentleness as well as by force (30:23). Taught, perhaps, by one of these, but certainly by dint of constant practice, David acquired an accuracy of aim which reminds one of the tales of William Tell or Robin Hood (1 Samuel 17:49). See the commentaries on the books of Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, and Psalms, and histories of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, especially Wellhausen and Kittel. The narratives about David also abound in irony. Yet something happened to David along the way. Samuel saw that David was formed of other clay than his brothers, and he anointed him as he had done Saul (1 Samuel 10:1). A tent was pitched for it, in which it remained (7:2), except when it was sent with the army to the seat of war (11:11; 15:24). The building of the temple was reserved for his son Solomon, who would be a man of peace ( 1 Chronicles 22:9 ; 28:3 ). Both in his prophetical and in his regal character David was a type of the Messiah ( 1 Samuel 16:13 ). In the book of Immanuel (Isa. ( 1 Chronicles 12:39 ) One of Davids first acts after becoming king was to secure Jerusalem, which he seized from the Jebusites and fixed the royal residence there. Abner, however, loyal to his former master, had Esh-baal (1 Chronicles 8:33), son of Saul, anointed king over the remaining tribes at Mahanaim, a fortified town East of the Jordan. All rights reserved. His impact on the history of Israel is seen from the extensive interest in him and his successors as reflected in the Deuteronomic history, the prophets, the Chronicler's history, the psalms, and the New Testament. It became apparent that his life was now drawing to its close. David discharged, as most Orientals do, his duty toward his parents (1 Samuel 22:3). Solomon was brought to Jerusalem, and was anointed king and seated on his father's throne ( 1 Kings 1:11-53 ). The ceremony was conducted with military honors in 2 Samuel 6:1 and with religious dancing and music (6:5,14) and festivity (6:18,19). The annual sacrificial feast is being held when Samuel appears, sent by God to anoint one of Jesses sons as they pass before him, ( 1 Samuel 16:6-10 ) Samuel sends for the youngest, David, who was "keeping the sheep," and anoints him. If David, like the Arab poet Tarafa, indulged in sport, in music and in poetry, even to the neglect of his charge, he must have sought out themes on which to exercise his muse; and it must have been with no little chagrin that he learnt that whereas the tribes of Ephraim, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Levi, Dan, and even the non-Israelite tribes of Kenaz and the debatable land of Gilead could boast of having held the hegemony of Israel and led the nation in battle, his own tribe of Judah had played a quite subordinate part, and was not even mentioned in the national war song of Deborah. David was not chiefly known for his successful exploits against the Philistines, by one of which he won his wife, and rove back the Philistine power with a blow from which it only rallied at the disastrous close of Sauls reign. According to the Bible, he slew the Philistine giant Goliath and succeeded Saul as king. In the oldest account which we have, contained in the books of Samuel, David appears as a musician and as a secular poet only, for it is obvious the poetical passages, 2 Samuel 22:1-23:7, do not belong to the original form of that book but are thrust in in the middle of a long list of names of David's soldiers. Fue el menor de ocho hermanos y pasó la juventud como pastor. The many psalms assigned to David reflect this skill and interest. A LIVE DO BOM HUMOR | CLAUDIO DUARTE E NERSO DA CAPITINGA 2020 - … It is not to be confused with the dress of the same name (1 Samuel 2:18). Did David also compose religious verses? Absalom's army was defeated, and himself put to death by the hand of Joab (9-18).