goes: is going: 6: Don't talk me about Jane. Present Perfect vs Past Perfect. Present Perfect Quiz. The Present Perfect and the Simple Past Tenses. Futures (3 dialogues) – Pagina 61 10. Review: Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense All Tenses Similar Exercises: Present Perfect / Perfect Progressive All Tenses Exercises. Present perfect simple – use . I never get up from the table before others ---- (finish). Choose for or since to complete the following present perfect sentences. 1. The present perfect progressive expresses an action that recently stopped or is still going on. 6 different tasks. per descrivere abitudini e routine. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. 58.4 : 58.4 Write a question in the present perfect tense using the given words: %���� Have you ever studied a foreign language? Please contact me if you have any questions or comments.contact me … PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Complete these sixteen sentences to score your knowledge of PRESENT PERFECT grammar. Past perfect simple 8. I got sick when travelling long distances. That’s exactly why BusyTeacher.org offers 299 present perfect worksheets - all of them tested and student-approved in real ESL classrooms all over the world. Present continuous 3. What do you want to do? Search 2 0 obj Past Perfect Continuous (4 dialogues) – Pagina 59 9. Have / have got 12. (or am going to meet); Paul is flying to London on Monday morning. PRESENT SIMPLE •PRESENT SIMPLE: “USE”-Read. I'm the Present simple girl . endobj I have been working all morning. Per esempio: Lions live in Africa. 3 I haven't eaten anything. Let’s by defining what the present Perfect is: The form of the verb used for actions or events that have been completed or have happened in a period of time up to now: These are two examples of Present Perfect Questions. 1 I've had this car. The Present Perfect is Used to Express: actions of duration that occurred in the past (before now) of unspecified time; actions that started in the past but continue to the present; actions that started in the past but stopped recently; It is important to consider that the TIME of … I have a car. Present continuous worksheets and online activities. Have you ever thrown up inside of a vehicle? <> endobj I like habits and routines. Verbi irregolari e modelli dei verbi inglesi. Past Perfect Simple (4 dialogues) – Pagina 57 8. <> The train arrives at 12:30. m�p�t ��SIĉ:ӦV�.��f_}�L��̎=�� e{7�xuD���Ҙ2�Y���P�� 9��/ܙ�)�̆�v�\^���H���{��[ �����~���nR&,E��q5��84U�T����.�(ץ�?�m�Y������`ˆ��x�!��E=��V�a_YN����� 忰��ϓ�# ���d[z J�l$���M�� ��ֺ�5å�^�u]7DUD��S�pQA�85�)z;�ޜ2��M"�M�hj�gz�7�9\BX��7˽H���G �o)�Qg�Mg[�����X��%�A`�S��r�*fT�. 2 Have you bought / been buying a new mobile yet? Have you ever failed a subject in university? The Present Perfect Simple Tense How to form the present perfect. I have … that 9. The indicative passato prossimo—called the present perfect in English—is one of the most widely used tenses in the Italian language.It expresses actions that, whether in the very immediate past or a past slightly more removed, happened before the moment of narration and have a defined chronological arc, now concluded. endobj per esprimere preferenze generali e opinioni. 1. Will (futuro) 10. How long have you watched /been watching TV? Download full-size image from Pinterest We use the present perfect simple with past finished actions or experiences when we don’t mention or we don’t know when they happened. I am tired. Going to (futuro) 11. 58.3 : 58.3 Using the following adverbs complete the sentences in the present perfect simple tense. Esercizi sulle differenze e l'uso del present simple e continuous nella grammatica inglese. Parte del contenido del blog esta dirigido a hispanohablantes que estudian y enseñan Inglés mientras que otra parte del contenido esta escrito completamente en Inglés, Bienvenido a EnglishPost.org, un sitio para quienes estudian y enseñan Inglés que tiene cientos de recursos, © 2020 EnglishPost.org • Made with Love in Costa Rica, Present Perfect Questions: Entertainment & More, Present Perfect – Cambridge Online Dictionary. Coniugazione verbo 'to be' - coniugazione verbi inglesi in tutti i modi e tempi verbali - bab.la 2. Comparativo e superlativo 14. And we also use the present perfect simple to ask or talk about situations that started in the past and have not finished. Cancel: Text box style: Font: Size: … endobj Click here for more present simple exercises. :: page Default Forming the present perfect tense . Check my answers: Email my answers to my teacher . In this engaging present perfect game, students race to put words in the correct order to make present perfect sentences about a love story. Form of Present Perfect Progressive An action that started in the past and which has continued until now. Test your knowledge about the Present Perfect. 58.2 : 58.2 Complete each answer using the present perfect simple in the negative form: Download . Ad esempio: I usually get up at 7am. Why do we use “Present Perfect” [FUNCTION] ‐We use the present perfect to talk about an experience in the past The present perfect isn't a verb tense unique to English, but it can still be complicated for beginning ESL students to master. 3 0 obj Mr Smith (to teach) Spanish and French. Il Present Simple. for since. You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have and the past participle of a verb. Answers. If you want to learn irregular verbs, you need to practice, practice, practice. 1. Present Perfect questions are questions that can help you generate conversation among ESL students. In / at / on 13. When I went to the car park, I found that my car ______ . I always do the same things and at the same time. Scegli l’alternativa corretta. Hi everybody! I _____ her. Yes, I have. schede_causative_verbs.pdf - CAUSATIVE FORM We use the Causative Form to show that someone else does something for us I had\/got my hair cut yesterday(by . endobj endstream played, arrived, looked. She has eaten lunch. endstream (to learn) 4. stream The forms are present because they use the present tense of the auxiliary verb have, and perfect because they use that auxiliary in … endobj 2 We've known each other. Present Perfect questions are a good way to have interesting conversations in the ESL classroom about a wide variety of topics. YourEnglishSource.com Present Perfect Tense I have seen the new Harry Potter movie. It is formed with the base form of the verb, except the third person singular where you have to add an "s". In questa pagina trovate 167 ESERCIZI on line interattivi sui verbi present perfect inglesi ordinati in 8 grandi gruppi numerati. Complete the sentences with the past OR the present perfect (simple or continuous). Have you ever been to the movies? Bienvenido a EnglishPost.org, un sitio para profesores y estudiantes. B P re se n t p e rfe c t sim p le (2 ) a lre a d y , ju st, still, y e t 2 W e use just in affirmativ e sentences to sa y that something has happened very recently . Tag questions 15. Have you ever been late to an important class or presentation? Put the verbs into the correct form. 3. I have been teaching English for more than 8 years and I like sharing what I know with others. I have played beach soccer a few times. Exercise 1. ID: 104925 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: pre-intermediate _____ you finished your homework? Students reply to Present Simple questions with a mix of true and untrue answers, perhaps in a proportion decided by the teacher such as three true answers and two false ones. when we are talking about our experience up to the present: Present perfect simple in English - exercises lower intermediate level esl online. Have Has Is a) Have b) Has c) … Pages 34. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar!. 3 W e use ye t in questions to ask about something that Need more practice? It seems like an awesome sport, No, I haven’t but I hope I can run a marathon in the near future, Yes, I have. we were in school. <> Positive, negative sentences and questions. Let’s by defining what the present Perfect is: The form of the verb used for actions or events that have been completed or have happened in a period of time up to now: Present Perfect – Cambridge Online Dictionary The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. Verbi irregolari e modelli dei verbi inglesi. The present perfect verb tense is a little difficult in English – it is used in several different ways, and there are lots of rules to remember. present perfect or simple past (4) present perfect or simple past (5)new-05-06. Kong many times. (to live) 3. 6 0 obj I've lived here for four years. 3 At last we’ve finished / been finishing the exams! 58- Present Perfect Simple. Traduzione in contesto di go, con esempi d'uso reale. I would like to answer all exercises 15 exercises 20 exercises 25 exercises selected from 1 part 2 parts 3 parts 4 parts 5 parts 6 parts . present perfect or simple past (6)new-05-06. 5 Present perfect simple o continuous? EnglishPost.org tiene información para aprender y Enseñar Inglés. DO you know Sarah? 1 0 obj per descrivere fatti permanenti o a lungo termine. Present perfect simple or Past simple 4. endstream Present Perfect Continuous. Conditionals (3 dialogues) – Pagina 65 12. 2. (to steal) 2. %PDF-1.5 This tense is formed by have/has + the past participle. /����a����e�����߫qȿ����4��HP�J�"# e�+q��Ơ���|�t��b�'��ر��v����C�I���N8 The major difference between them is that the Present Perfect Tense doesn't mention exact times of actions. a) saw a) have been b) seen b) been to c) see c) have been to 2. The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. 10. 1 I’m exhausted. We often use the present perfect to talk about something that happened in the recent past, but that is still true or important now. The English lesson starts at 8:45. The Spanish present perfect (el pretérito perfecto compuesto o el antepresente) is used to talk about things that started in the past and which continue or repeat in the present.It's also used to talk about things that have happened in the recent past. Past perfect continuous 9. Past Simple 6. Linda lives in London. I will drive you to the station. <> Are you married? = present — present perfect Monday Compare: present simple Mark and Liz are married. <>>> Wait! It is very easy to confuse them. �@��Mt��:�+���$�W�f�kg��|�n/K��t$�$�*��R"1`-=��%hm(�8����@;��؈i�413��a;��/�N \�M�RJ�Z�\®�wW�B2��g�j":a�i1�%L���>{h�l�"6�D�q͐y5;ط�����Ѷ1�U�SuI� �W Present Perfect - reading comprehension Students will read the text paying attention to Present Perfect verbs and then choose the correct answers to check their comprehension. When was the last time? 4. endobj 4: A finished action with a result in the present (focus on result). present perfect or simple past(3) new-03-04. 80 000+ English ESL worksheets, English ESL activities and video lessons for distance learning, home learning and printables for physical classrooms We are going to have dinner at a seaside restaurant on Sunday. How many waterfalls have you ever visited? Present simple 2. No,I haven’t. Una volta scelto l'esercizio di vostro interesse sarà sufficiente cliccarci sopra per poterlo svolgere; l'esercizio scelto si aprirà in una nuova finestra del vostro browser mantenendo questa pagina intatta. Form of Affirmative Sentences - Part 2. How to form the Present Perfect has is have a) has b) is c) have. This lesson will teach you everything you ever wanted to know about the present perfect – try the four quizzes with grammar exercises in each section! This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 34 pages. stream I ______ English for 5 years now. I love pop music. look for: are looking for: 5: Ian _____ to disco right now. x��Q�j�@��g�N��X*X�t!2��i�.����)J7����] 'CB���j��\1.`���1fiJ��ƅ ������a[��#���}�5.G�y9�=���:�ł%�)�t���������l@�E ��E����u�����.���9i�Y�k�Ya��9dƲE��:܉� x���1 �0 0��T&��a�U��\ �5� ��d jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e jY �Z� ��u �e j�۝C @�Wx� &,� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� fy �Y� `�w �� f緭u You (to do) your homework after school. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. 7 0 obj It’s a great movie. She has lived in Liverpool all her life. The present perfect continuous can be used to talk about situations that have just stopped and have present results. The present perfect tense refers to an action or state that either occurred at an indefinite time in the past (e.g., we have talked before) or began in the past and continued to the present time (e.g., he has grown impatient over the last hour). Give each team of three a copy of the worksheet. We use the present simple to express habits, facts, thoughts and feelings.It is also used with general statements and actions that are repeated. L��qxꍕW�� Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect exercises. �ك ��FPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUa ��_AUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU�=8 �mUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU���� @����0 \��