Related Links. The German cultivar name translates as ‘Town Hall’. Hosszú életű fa, Európa szerte élnek 1000évesnél 2020). A compact form, which is quite widespread in the European trade, apparently normally offered top-grafted to give a standard with a small ball-shaped crown. Selected by the Konrad Herz nursery, Germany before 2007 and still available commercially in central Europe. Lime flowers are a rich source of nectar and attract bees, wasps, flies and moths. Scopoli’s specific epithet of 1771, from the Greek platys (broad) and phyllon (a leaf), reflects the usually larger leaves of T. platyphyllos, which are downy at least in familiar western European forms. Its range extends further south than that of T. cordata, but less far north and east. Iran, A Dutch selection made in 1956 from a city planting in Delft, and sold from the Alphons van den Bom nursery, Oudenbosch from 1965 (Santamour & McArdle 1985; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Retrieved from "" Kubát et al. ‘Dimond’ and ‘Moylinny’ were found in a nursery in Moylinny, Co. Antrim, by P.W.J. Upright crown, narrow in youth, with bright red branchlets in winter (Hillier Nurseries 2020; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). There are currently no active references in this article. Unlike T. cordata, T. platyphyllos is quite able to set fertile seed in short cool summers. Foliage on a recently planted Tilia platyphyllos Laciniata Group, growing in the Trädgårdsföreningen (Horticultural Society Gardens) in Gothenburg, Sweden. Fruits:  The fruit is a strongly ribbed nut containing 1-3 seeds. The common nameslargeleaf linden and large-leaved linden are in standard use throughout the English-speaking world except in the British Isles, where it is known as large-leaved lime. It … Red-twigged forms occur widely in wild populations. France, NÖ-Naturdenkmal KO-025 2 Sommerlinden sl1.jpg 4,128 × 3,096; 5.62 MB Distribution  Albania Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czechia Denmark France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Luxembourg North Macedonia Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Poland mountains in the south Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain mountains in the north and east Sweden SE coast, one site Switzerland Turkey Ukraine mountains in the south-west United Kingdom England and Wales (rare). A Swedish selection, found in a park in Örebro by G. Karlsson and distributed by the Lundström nursery from 1935 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Kew Species Profiles Final . A full-sized variety with a broadly ovoid crown, retaining its leaves unusually late into autumn; a degree of aphid resistance is claimed. Beskrivelse Tilia platyphyllos 'Örebro' A slow-growing Swedish cultivar with a regular, closed, narrow, pyramidal crown that reaches a height of 15 - 18 m. The lateral branches grow steeply ascending at first and after about 10 years they bend, forming an ovoid crown. Transcaucasus, August 2020. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Tutin, T.G. A lot of root suckers usually grow from the lower trunk. Image Owen Johnson. ‘Handsworth’ (Bean 1981) and ‘Mayday’ (Netherlands, 2011 – Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013) also have yellow twigs. Food. It is unclear whether the earlier but less familiar name ‘Pyramidalis’ should be used, due to ambiguity around that name (Santamour & McArdle 1985; Jacobson 1996). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew, Kew Species Profiles, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. The summer linden has a broad, ovoid to round crown and a rounded top. Many cultivated forms and cultivars have arisen from Tilia platyphyllos but few are available commercially. Tilia platyphyllos 'Rubra' has reddish twigs in winter and has been given an Award of Garden Merit (AGM) by the Royal Horticultural Society. 30-35méteres maximális magasságot elérő, lombhullató fa, mely Közép és Dél-Európa, valamint a Kaukázus területéről származik. Floral bracts 6–11 × 1.1–2.2 cm, sometimes downy. Tilia platyphyllos belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Origin unknown, before 2009; marketed as a street tree in central and eastern Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Lappen Tree Nurseries 2020). Flowers large (12–17 mm diameter), saucer-shaped. It is a more upland species than T. cordata, associated with calcareous soils, but despite their habitat and morphological differences Linnaeus failed to distinguish between the two western European species and their hybrid (Pigott 2012). Latinski naziv: Tilia platyphyllos Scop. The best documented surviving tree is at the former Cistercian monastery at Zlatá Koruna, Czech Republic (Almusaed 2018). It is a deciduous tree, native to much of Europe, including locally in southwestern Great Britain, growing on lime-rich soils. Bize nasıl ulaşabilirsiniz It produces intensely fragrant, yellow flowers in June and July and is, perhaps, the most fragrant of its species. SynonymsTilia vitifolia HostTilia platyphyllos var. Its wild origin is unclear, but it seems likely that this would have been a clone passed vegetatively between monastic sites – a cultivar. & Sutton, J. Still propagated commercially in Europe; ‘Delft’ is similar (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). cordifolia (Besser) C.K. Young leaves can be eaten as salad, and flowers have long been used in continental Europe to make a tea believed to have a calming effect. A variant in Irish Gardens was described by Alan Mitchell (Mitchell 1974) as both cut-leaved and variegated; one was recorded by Mitchell at the Westonbirt National Arboretum as 15 m, dbh 32 cm in 1967 (Tree Register 2018). 40 year old trees of Tilia platyphyllos (centre) and Betula pendula in secondary woodland on limestone (chalk), near Dorking, Surrey, England, UK. ex W.D.J.Koch) Hoffm. & al. Synonyms Tilia platyphyllos 'Corallina' Family Malvaceae Genus Tilia are deciduous trees with broadly ovate or heart-shaped leaves and pendulous clusters of fragrant yellow-green flowers, followed by conspicuous winged fruits Details 'Rubra' is a large vigorous deciduous tree of rather erect habit, the twigs reddish in winter. The example in the 1890’s lime collection at Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex (107 cm dbh in 2016 – Tree Register 2018) was only recognised as this cultivar (and as a grafted tree) after it was cut back and the vigorous sprouts from above the graft provided a contrast in colour to those from below it (O. Johnson, pers. Published on the Internet at and Narrow crowned, unusual in its late, reddish-brown autumn colour; low susceptibility to red spider mite is claimed. The name "lime", possibly a corruption of "line" originally from "lind", has been in us…, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue. Lacking stellate hairs on the undersides of the leaves, T. platyphyllos is placed in Section Anastraea. This is another old clone, sold by the Baumann Brothers Nursery in France from 1838, but most authorities follow Bean (1981) in presuming that the cultivar commonly planted in gardens through the 20th century is ‘Laciniata’. from northern, western and northeastern Europe; subsp. A few large old trees with a slight tendency to weep, such as the one in the Lower Garden at Knightshayes, Devon, 28 m, dbh 144 cm in 2017 (Tree Register 2018), may also represent this cultivar but are not obviously grafted. C.D. Each ovary has five compartments, each of which contains two ovules. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. It is a popular domestic remedy for a number of ailments. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TIPL) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TIPL) Wildlife. (ed.) Dirr (2009) was unable to find the species, or any of its cultivars in recent American nursery catalogues. Aberglasney Garden, Carmarthenshire. 20 m. The trunk is light grey and later grooved. A largely columnar tree, whose rounded-to-largely ovate, dark-green leaves which are of a lighter shade on the underside, turn yellow in autumn. The large-leaved lime, though, reaches slightly further south and is rarely found in Northern Europe. 2020). Origine: Europa, Caucaso, Asia Minore. cordifolia (Besser) C.K. Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault. Height up to approx. obs. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Fruit 9–12 × 8–10 mm, obovoid, with 5 ribs, covered in dense white tomentum; wall thick and woody (Pigott 2012). It was found in a batch of layered trees, given to the Royal Horticultural Society’s garden in Chiswick in 1888 (Bean 1981; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013), and grafted at Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, where material traceable to the original still grows (1972.12987; 21 m, dbh 58 cm in 2010 – Tree Register 2018); it is no longer a striking plant. Introduced by the De Martelaer nursery, Belgium, before 2005 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; New Plants and Flowers 2015). Listopadna vrsta iz porodice Tiliaceae. Schneid. Kew has one of the main collections of lime trees ( Tilia sp.) from Mediterranean Europe and Turkey. Each flower has numerous stamens (male parts) that are more or less fused into five bundles. Introduced by the Ton van den Oever nursery, Netherlands in 2002 and still commercially available in Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Guillot-Bourne 2020). Schneider (1912) attempted to categorise this variation by describing five subspecies. Each flower has a single, hairless style (female part). Switzerland, Common NamesGolden-twigged LimeGoldtwig Linden. Piggott: Tree bark: Bark of a 270 year old tree in an avenue, Uckfield, Sussex, England, UK. Image Owen Johnson. See Kew's Seed Information Database for further information on Tilia platyphyllos seeds. The trunk is heavy and irregular, light grey and later grooved. Turkey, A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) a mályvafélék (Malvaceae) családjába tartozó hárs nemzetség egyik, a Kárpát-medencében is honos faja.. Elterjedése, élőhelye. Tilia platyphyllos … A young tree grows in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire (Tree Register 2018). Albania, Tilia platyphyllos è diffuso nell'Europa continentale e nel Caucaso In Italia esistono, allo stato spontaneo, solo due specie di tigli, ossia questa specie e Tilia cordata . Bean (1981) felt that there might be more than one clone in circulation under this name. Tilia platyphyllos. It is beneficial in the treatment of diseases involving sweating for relief including Cold, Fever etc. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Slow growing, with a small crown. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. As with other limes, variegated cultivars tend not to persist in cultivation; this is certainly the case in ‘Albo-Marginata’ (white margins, pre-1903), but some extant cut-leaved clones are variegated (discussed under ‘Laciniata’). It is in the European trade, and was propagated commercially in North America by 1959, when the Arnold Arboretum acquired a specimen (88 cm dbh in 2019 – Arnold Arboretum 2020). Overview: Large-leaved lime trees grow up to 35 m tall, with grey, finely fissured or ribbed bark. Trees from the Mediterranean edge are least hairy. Inflorescence drooping, with just 3 flowers or with as many as 7. The original in the Wageningen Arboretum was about 4.5 m tall after 40 years (Bean 1981). The trunk is heavy and irregular, light grey and later grooved. An ancient stool of Tilia platyphyllos near Colesbourne in the Gloucestershire Cotswolds. Broad-leaved Lime varies considerably across its range, especially in hairiness. The dissected foliage of the Cut-leaved Lime gives the summer crown a special delicacy. Young leaves yellow, turning green later, crown narrow in youth. Its range extends further south than that of T. cordata, but less far north and east.It is a more upland species than T. cordata, associated with calcareous soils, but despite their habitat and morphological differences Linnaeus failed to distinguish between the two western European species and their hybrid (Pigott 2012). Regular, narrow crown, freely flowering. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. A very floriferous tree, rather slender and slow-growing (but ultimately to 26 m at Drumkilbo, Perth and Kinross – Tree Register 2018), its leaves are small and variously dissected; no two leaves are the same shape, and the effect is delicate and attractive. (eds.) Other more or less dwarf clones include ‘Belvedere’ and ‘Pannonia’ (q.v.). Főképpen Közép- és Dél-Európában elterjedt faj. As the common name suggests, it is noted for its big leaves (leaves are larger than those of littleleaf linden). ‘Cucullata’ represents a little known mutant leaf form. Accessed 2021-01-04. One extreme form of this variant is ‘Tiltstone Filigree’ with remarkably deeply cut leaves; its habit is neat and narrow. Tilia platyphyllos is commonly called bigleaf linden. Large-leaved lime is cultivated as an ornamental in parks and gardens, although not as commonly as Tilia × europaea (common lime). Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). Widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. The summer linden has a broad, ovoid to round crown and a rounded top. Probably introduced early to North American cultivation, Jacobson (1996) notes that it has long been common, although usually sold as T. × europaea; he records a 29 m tall (1987) specimen in Washington State. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Big Bugger. Bark brownish-grey, developing longitudinal square-cracking ridges after about 30 years. A large tree, to 40 m, dbh 4 m, of domed habit; trunk very seldom with epicormic sprouts. Ireland, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens ‘Örebro’ is similar (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). A ‘vine-leaved’ lime with weakly three- or five-lobed leaves, resembling those of Tilia mongolica but considerably larger. Although less commonly planted in Britain than T. × europaea, this is a shapely, characterful tree, which does not produce masses of epicormic shoots (Bean 1981). A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) bemutatása, gondozása A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) kb. Published on the Internet at and (2002): Klíč ke květeně České republiky, Academia, Praha [as Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Discussion in Working Party on Community monographs and Community list (MLWP) May 2011 July 2011 Adoption by Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products ( HMPC) for release for consultation 13 September 2011 . A very slow-growing, compact, shrubby Czech selection, reaching around1.5 m height and spread (Bluebell Arboretum and Nursery 2020). They include: ‘Barocco’ (A. Charlier, Belgium, pre-2005; variably cut leaves (les Jardins du Florilege 2020), some yellow spotting; ‘Capricio’ (Charlier, pre-2005, relatively large leaves); ‘Eniapseth’, (Charlier pre-2010, with slight variegation); ‘Erkegem’, (found at the Chateau d’Erkegem in Belgium, 1989; creamy-white variegation; possibly T. cordata misidentified); ‘Henryk’ (Bronislaw Szmit, Poland pre-1998; from a witch’s broom; dwarf and somewhat weeping – Szkółka Szmit 2020); ‘Mercedes’ (Charlier, pre-2010, weak, unstable variegation); ‘Pepi’ (De Martelaer, Netherlands, pre-2010; from a witch’s broom on ‘Laciniata’, dwarf with drooping red shoots; sold top grafted on 1m stem – De Martelaer Jo Nursery 2020)​​​​​​); ‘Stephanie’ (Charlier, pre-2010; variegated, with irregular yellow central zone). Italy, The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life worldwide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. Tilia E. Eaton, G. Caudullo, D. de Rigo Tilia cordata Mill., known as small-leaved lime, and Tilia platyphyllos Scop., known as large-leaved lime, are very similar trees, both native to Europe and preferring warmer climates. Le due specie si ibridano fra loro dando origine a Tilia x europaea (detto anche Tilia × vulgaris … Of uncertain Hungarian origin, sold as a street tree by some large European tree nurseries around 2010 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013), but now not or scarcely in commerce. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew, Kew Backbone Distributions Stored seeds of Tilia platyphyllos behave in an orthodox manner (meaning the seeds will survive the drying and freezing process), and two collections are held in Kew's Millennium Seed Bank based at Wakehurst in West Sussex. The distribution range of the tree is more limiting than the very similar small-leaved lime. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. corinthiaca (Bosc ex K. Koch) Pigott, is endemic to the Peloponnese and somewhat more distinct, with essentially glabrous leaves and thin-walled, spindle shaped fruits. (2012): Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny České republiky , Preslia 84: 647–811 [as Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Despite the common name, lime trees (of the genus Tilia) are not related to the citrus fruit we know as a lime. Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) vulgaris. Tilia platyphyllos M.Bieb. A clone with shoots yellow in sun (green in shade) rather than red (grey in shade). Scientific name Source Tilia platyphyllos subsp. This plant has no children Legal Status. Pressed and dried specimens of Tilia platyphyllos are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. obs.). Tilia platyphyllos 'Laciniata' A Dutch selection with a compact manner of growth and an ovoid to pyramidal crown with a flattened top. Large-leaved lime can be seen growing in the area between Kew's Temperate House and Victoria Gate. Hungary, Similar Images . ‘Laciniata’ is the most widely used name; perhaps a single clone; it was in cultivation (origin unknown) by 1844 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Austria, The young twigs are hairy. As a vigorous, tough, clean-limbed tree with scented flowers opening quite early in the season, Broad-leaved Lime has long been planted as an ornamental across the British Isles. It originated in Europe before 1838, and was in the North American trade by 1853 (Jacobson 1996; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Spain, pseudorubra C.K. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Description Overview: Large-leaved lime trees grow up to 35 m tall, with grey, finely fissured or ribbed bark. Selected by M. Barabits, Hungary, and first sold by the Bömer nursery, the Netherlands, around 1985 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Bruns Pflanzen-Export 2020). It has young brown-reddish branches. Leaves 6–11 × 6-10 cm, suborbicular and often with drooping sides; upper surface dark green, slightly rugose and sometimes with a sparse cover of simple hairs; underside mid-green, often with a cover of simple hairs and always with small denser patches of brownish hairs under the vein axils. Leaves:  Leaves are usually 6-12 cm long and hairy on the underside, especially on the veins, and have a sharply toothed margin and heart-shaped base. Tilia platyphyllos 'Aurea' Quick Glance. A few old examples are immense. A stone at the latter’s base claims that it was planted in 760 CE ( 2018). Media in category "Tilia platyphyllos" The following 140 files are in this category, out of 140 total. platyphyllos from central Europe; and subsp. Many of the ancient village limes of central Europe belong to Tilia platyphyllos. Grown in Germany since at least the mid-19th centuty, it has been quite widely planted in the United Kingdom; one had reached 14.5 m, dbh 64 cm by 2017 at Writtle College, Essex (Tree Register 2018). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. cordifolia (Besser) C.K.Schneid. Image Owen Johnson. Image Tom Christian. This graceful Broad-leaved Lime at Knightshayes in Devon may possibly have been planted as the clone 'Pendula'. Selected for street planting by Hillier Nurseries in the early 1980s, and introduced in 1998 (Edwards & Marshall 2019). Lime flower tea is also used widely to ease coughs. (1968). The name ‘Aspleniifolia Variegata’ is used for these trees by the Tree Register of Ireland, but the original source of this name is unknown. C.D. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in October. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help. When in flower the bracts almost exceed the foliage in coverage of the tree, making it look quite pale. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. In decreasing order of hairiness, they are: subsp. The tree in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire, 16 m, dbh 72 cm in 2017 (Tree Register 2018), hardly deserved the epithet ‘weeping’. Ideal for a specimen tree or also commonly used for pleaching. Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime or large-leaved linden) is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae (Tiliaceae). Recommended citationJohnson, O. Large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos) is a large and long-living tree. All European species of Tilia are interfertile, meaning they can breed with each other, and natural hybrids are common, leading to difficulties in their identification. Tilia platyphyllos subsp. Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). Corse, ‘Donovan’s Filigree’ (Royal Horticultural Society 2018) is presumed to be the same plant, and it is also circulating simply as ‘Filigree’ (J. Grimshaw, pers. Large-leaved lime is one of the parents of the natural hybrid Tilia × europaea, which is widely cultivated and used as a street tree. Tilia platyphyllos Name Synonyms Tilia grandifolia (Ehrh. Similar sports occur in several lime species Pigott (2012) but this is the only named form, and the only one to have been planted at all widely. The most widespread of these are discussed below, but others might be encountered, including ‘Agnes’ (Hungary, by 2012), ‘Fenris’ (Denmark, post-1990), ‘K3’ (Hungary, around 1990), ‘Kamminga’ (Netherlands, by 2012), ‘Kavaleren’ (Netherlands, pre-2005), ‘Louisa Point’ (Netherlands, 1990), ‘Louisa Victory Fist’ (Netherlands, 1990), ‘Maraczi’ (Hungary, before 2012), ‘Paul Kruger’ (Netherlands, 1959), ‘Sargavesszejû’ (Poland, by 2012), ‘Zetten’ (Netherlands, 1992). Twigs 2–4 mm thick, often hairy and often reddish in sun. ex W.D.J.Koch Tilia hostii Opiz, 1852 Tilia platyphyllos f. aurea (Loudon) Rehder Homonyms Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Skin conditioning agent - miscellaneous: Tilia Cordata Flower, Tilia Cordata Flower Extract, Tilia Cordata Flower Water, Tilia Europaea Flower Extract, Tilia Platyphyllos Flower Scientific Facts: Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia, Europe and eastern North America. An example in the Dell at Tortworth Court, Gloucestershire was 22 m, dbh 60 cm in 2015 (The Tree Register 2018). Similar Images . : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Yugoslavia, Great Britain, Yellow twigs from above the graft, on the squirrel's side of the tree, contrast with red ones from below it, on the champion Golden-twigged Lime in Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex. Cambridge University Press. Tree. Romania, Dimond around 1982 (Santamour & McArdle 1985); both clones had grown to 3 m tall at the Castlewellan National Arboretum in Co. Down by 2015 (Tree Register 2018). Found as a witch’s broom in an old tree at the Belvedere, Prague Castle (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Schneid.