e Luigi Della Giustina “Dich”, rispettivamente comandanti dei battaglioni Celanti … Rezultatul: primele nave de luptă rapide din clasa Littorio, de după Tratatul de la Washington. [36], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were declared operational on 2 August 1940, and were assigned to the 9th Division of the 1st Squadron. The main armor deck extends to the bow and stern, where it thinned to 60 mm (2.4 in) over 10 mm (0.39 in) plating and 36 mm (1.4 in) over 8 mm (0.31 in) plating respectively. DVX Work was not resumed. Visualizza altre idee su Militare, Nave, Militari. During the resulting Battle of Cape Spartivento, Swordfish torpedo bombers from the carrier HMS Ark Royal attacked Vittorio Veneto, though she evaded the torpedoes. [16] The Re.2000 fighter was a wheeled aircraft and had to land on an airfield. Area di servizio Menchetti. Nell'incursione fu affondato il cacciatorpediniere Alpino. o. Crea nuovo account. The lower two levels had 250 mm (9.8 in) and 200 mm (7.9 in) respectively, all mounted on 10 mm (0.39 in) plating. La Vittorio Veneto, lanciata alla massima velocità, sotto la guida esperta del Comandante Pecori, che impartiva ordini calmo e tranquillo da un' aletta della plancia comando, evoluiva come una motosilurante. [41] In February, Vittorio Veneto, Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare attempted to attack what was believed to be a Malta convoy. [senza fonte]. Vittorio Veneto shot down one aircraft, but the battleship was flooded with some 4,000 t (3,900 long tons; 4,400 short tons) of water, though she got underway after ten minutes and eventually reached Taranto on 29 March. [19], The ships' secondary battery consisted of twelve 152 mm (6.0 in) L/55 Ansaldo Model 1934 guns in four triple turrets. It is one of the four branches of Italian Armed Forces and was formed in 1946 from what remained of the Regia Marina (Royal Navy) after World War 2. Messaggi raccomandati. In 1946, with the birth of the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), the Royal Navy changed its name to Military Navy (Marina Militare). Tecnico Triestino, Cant. Vedi altri contenuti di ANMI Vittorio Veneto su Facebook. Two were placed abreast the No. [49], Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta, where they remained until 14 September, when they were transferred to Alexandria. [14] Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. L’Ammiraglio Bergamini, fortemente turbato, si riserva di radunare gli Ammiragli e i Comandanti dipendenti e di riferire entro un paio di ore. Alle ore 22.00 Bergamini riunisce a rapporto sulla Vittorio Veneto tutti i più alti ufficiali in loco. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy.The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. Fu proprio a bordo di una nave di questa classe, la USS Missouri, che venne firmata la resa dei giapponesi nel secondo conflitto mondiale La USS Missouri (BB-63) è stata una corazzata della Marina degli Stati Uniti, entrata più volte nella storia del suo paese sia direttamente che con i suoi 20 comandanti. Durante il trasferimento a Malta la Roma fu affondata da un aereo tedesco con la prima bomba radio comandata della storia. On 26 September, the two battleships attempted to intercept the Operation Halberd convoy, but they broke off the operation without attacking the convoy. [15], The ships' propulsion system consisted of four Belluzzo geared steam turbines powered by eight oil-fired Yarrow boilers. The uppermost level was protected by 255 mm (10.0 in) on the front and sides and 175 mm (6.9 in) rear, all mounted on 25 mm (0.98 in) plating. [28], The main belt armor of this class was designed and tested to resist 381 mm armor-piercing shells at ranges down to 16,000 m (17,000 yd), which was considered the inner edge of optimal combat range. Successivamente la nave, insieme alla gemella Littorio (ribattezzata Italia) fu internata ai Laghi amari, nel canale di Suez in Egitto, dopo alterne vicende diplomatiche nelle quali era stato proposto di permetterle di combattere a fianco degli Alleati nella Francia meridionale e nel Pacifico. The Royal Navy (Italian: Regia Marina, pronounced [ˈrɛdʒa maˈrina]) was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) from 1861 to 1946. Pridham-Wippell), ma le sue granate da 381 mm mancarono i bersagli, causando lievi danni da schegge solo all'incrociatore leggero Orion, prima che la formazione inglese si allontanasse oltre i 26.000 metri. Littorio underwent the same pattern of machinery trials prior to completion;[35] she was delivered to the fleet on 6 May 1940. Questi autori però si limitarono ad un’analisi molto superficiale della situazione delle forze in campo in Sicilia. Rimontaggio di alcune immagini di Nave Audace provenienti dal web. The Italian Navy pushed to modernize and enlarge the existing shipyards in Spain, so that they could handle a vessel as large as the Littorio class. [44][Note 4] This resulted in the Battle of Cape Matapan the following day, during which Vittorio Veneto engaged British cruisers. International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littorio-class_battleship&oldid=998305337, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), Full load: 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 19:51. The Italians promised to provide all necessary technical and material support for the construction of the ships. On 14 October 1946, she was moved to La Spezia, paid off on 3 January 1948, and broken up for scrap. La flotta italiana dispone di due corazzate rimodernate (Conte di Cavour e Giulio Cesare) - al momento dell'entrata in guerra, le corazzate Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Caio Duilio e Andrea Doria sono ancora in fase di addestramento - 7 incrociatori pesanti, 12 incrociatori leggeri, un centinaio tra cacciatorpediniere e torpediniere e più di 100 sommergibili. Pino Casarini (June 7, 1897, Verona — April 1, 1972, Verona) was an Italian painter.. One of the few major Italian fresco painters in the 20th century. Nel corso della battaglia, il 28 marzo, la Vittorio Veneto prese parte allo scontro di Gaudo, durante il quale appoggiò con le artiglierie l'attacco degli incrociatori italiani contro quelli inglesi della 7ª Divisione (amm. They remained at the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). They had a rate of fire of 12 rounds per minute and had a ceiling of approximately 10,800 m (35,400 ft). Piazzale Pian di Nave, 18038 Sanremo (Imperia) Italy. They formed the backbone of the Italian fleet, and conducted several sorties into the Mediterranean to intercept British convoys, though without any notable success. Address. [24] They had a rate of fire of slightly better than four rounds a minute. The propeller shafts, aft diesel generator groups, and steering gear were protected by 100 mm (3.9 in) homogeneous armor plating and a separate 200 mm (7.9 in) bulkhead aft of the citadel. It is planned to replace four Soldati class light patrol frigates and eight Minerva class corvettes between 2021/2035. [Note 3] The main armor belt was mounted on 150 mm (5.9 in) of oak timber and 15 mm (0.59 in) steel backing plate, and the entire belt structure was inclined at 11-15º, depending on the section of the hull. The RN Vittorio Veneto was inactive until November 1940. [3] This would have allowed the Italian fleet to keep at least two units operational at any given time. Regia Nave POLA CE-29 . 7-apr-2019 - Esplora la bacheca "Italian navy" di Ivano Brusasco su Pinterest. Pagine correlate. Both countries rejected British proposals to limit new battleship designs to 25,000 long tons (25,000 t) and 305 mm (12.0 in) guns. The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941. Il 27 settembre 1941 partì assieme alla Littorio per attaccare il convoglio britannico “Halberd”, diretto a Malta; anche questa uscita terminò come la precedente. Per "nave da guerra" si intende una nave che appartiene alle forze armate di uno Stato, che porta i segni distintivi esteriori delle navi militari della sua nazionalità ed è posta sotto il comando di un ufficiale di marina al servizio dello Stato e iscritto nell'apposito ruolo degli ufficiali o in documento equipollente, il cui equipaggio è sottoposto alle regole della disciplina militare. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned. La nave da battaglia Vittorio Veneto fu una nave della Regia Marina italiana appartenente alla classe Littorio e rappresentò il meglio della produzione navale bellica italiana della seconda guerra mondiale. Quick view. [25] Four 120 mm (4.7 in) L/40 guns were mounted on each ship in order to fire illumination rounds. She was launched on 15 November 1939, but she was never completed. [40] Littorio was hit by three bombs on 19 June, a week after her sister was damaged. [12], The ships of the class varied slightly in dimensions. This class of battleships were designed to maximize the standards under the Washington Treaty, while meeting the operational requirements of the Italian Navy … Instead, a single catapult was fitted. [14] This was due to two major defects in the design. The first two ships, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto, were operational by the early months of Italy's participation in World War II. [31][33], The conning tower was in the same style as the others designed by General Pugliese. 4. [18] The 824.3 kg (1,817 lb) semi-armor piercing shells formed the secondary ammunition of the 381mm/50, which had a 29.51 kg (65.1 lb) bursting charge. Seguaci 0. [36], In June 1943, a series of Allied air raids attacked La Spezia in an attempt to neutralize the three battleships. Add to Compare. [40], Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June. Over the machinery spaces, the main armor deck was 100 mm (3.9 in) on 12 mm plating inboard and 90 mm (3.5 in) on 12 mm plating outboard. Come ben saprete il 9 settembre del 1943 veniva affondata al largo della Maddalena la nostra Nave Ammiraglia, la Regia Nave Corazzata Roma, sorella delle corazzate Littorio, Impero, e Vittorio Veneto. Il 14 giugno 1942, infine, lasciò Taranto assieme alla Littorio e ad un nutrito gruppo di incrociatori, per intercettare e distruggere il convoglio britannico “Vigorous” diretto a Malta, nell'ambito della battaglia di mezzo giugno; anche in quest'occasione la squadra navale non raggiunse la formazione britannica, che però, proprio a causa della presenza delle due supercorazzate italiane (contro le quali non avrebbe potuto schierare che otto incrociatori), nonché di ripetuti attacchi aerei, fu costretto a rientrare alla base senza raggiungere la destinazione. Alla proclamazione dell'armistizio, la nave salpò da La Spezia con il resto della squadra navale (corazzate Italia, Vittorio Veneto e Roma, incrociatori leggeri Giuseppe Garibaldi, Attilio Regolo, Duca degli Abruzzi, Eugenio di Savoia, Duca d’Aosta, Montecuccoli, cacciatorpediniere Artigliere, Mitragliere, Legionario, Fuciliere, Velite, Grecale, Oriani) per consegnarsi agli Alleati a Malta. [36] In September 1943, following the withdrawal of Italy from the war, all three ships and a significant portion of the Italian fleet left port to be interned in Malta. La mia fonte precedente era René Greger, The Austro-Hungarian Warships of World War I, Ian Allan, più il Navi militari perdute. Mente la Vittorio Veneto poté essere riparata in arsenale, rientrando in squadra in poco più di un mese, la Roma, colpita nuovamente in un bombardamento nella notte del 24 giugno entrò in bacino a Genova, rientrando in squadra il 13 agosto. After 1930, the Italian Navy abandoned the smaller designs altogether. A 40 mm thick torpedo bulkhead extended inboard from the base of the main belt before curving down to meet the bottom of the hull. Durante la guerra nel Mediterraneo la Vittorio Veneto partecipò a 56 missioni di guerra, undici delle quali avevano come obiettivo la caccia di navi nemiche. In October 1947, the ship was raised and towed to Venice, where she was broken up. Allocated to the United States, she was stricken on 1 June 1948 and scrapped in La Spezia. Latitude: 43.8576607, Longitude: 10.3580985 Tre giorni dopo uscì in mare per tentare di attaccare le unità inglesi che avrebbero dovuto soccorrere la portaerei britannica Illustrious, gravemente danneggiata dall'aviazione italo-tedesca; fu fatta rientrare dopo poche ore, per l'impossibilità di riuscire nella missione. This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. Ci dice che, mentre devono cessare le ostilità con gli anglosassoni, è imminente che si inizi un gravissimo contrasto con la Germania. May 12, 2018 - Italian Navy ships, Vittorio Veneto, Caio Duilio and Giulio Cesare search for the British fleet in Operation Hats, August - September 1940. A parte che l'Impero era la quarta della classe Vittorio Veneto (o Littorio), ed è già uscita al t8 come nave di test, quindi non sarebbe utilizzabile al t10. While returning to port, Littorio was hit by a bomb from an American B-24 Liberator heavy bomber; the bomb struck the forward gun turret, though it did minimal damage. Fu la prima nave da battaglia a superare i limiti delle 35.000 tonnellate di dislocamento del Trattato navale di Washington. An internal 200 mm (7.9 in) armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes for hydraulic systems. The joints failed even in cases of non-contact explosions; this prevented the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding. The Italians refused to disclose the details of the Pugliese system. Roma joined the fleet in June 1942, although all three ships remained inactive in La Spezia until June 1943, when all three were damaged in a series of Allied air attacks on the harbor. [54], In preparing the design for the Design 1047 type of battlecruisers in early 1940, the Dutch Navy inspected Vittorio Veneto, then under construction, in hopes of gathering some experience on the underwater protection system. [32] The 90-mm heavy anti-aircraft mounts were protected by 12–40 mm (0.47–1.57 in) shield and barbette plating. La Vittorio Veneto fu progettata dal generale Umberto Pugliese e dall'ingegnere Francesco Mazzullo. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. [20][Note 2] Their ammunition load was 495 AP shells and 171 SAP shells, with 4,320 propellant charges (666 rounds total, or 74 rounds per gun split 55 AP & 19 SAP). Roma's displacement increased slightly as compared to the other ships, to 40,992 t (40,345 long tons; 45,186 short tons) and 45,485 t (44,767 long tons; 50,139 short tons), respectively. Seguaci 0. La Marina italiana in 40 mesi di guerra, ha fatto tutto il suo dovere: nessuna delle FFAA. The torpedo struck her starboard bow, though she returned to port. Dal 1º novembre al 31 dicembre 2006 è entrata a far parte dello Standing NATO Maritime Group 2. Non ora. Add to Compare. Yelp is a fun and easy way to find, recommend and talk about what’s great and not so great in Taranto and beyond. She participated in a mission to challenge the British Mediterranean Fleet based at Alexandria, Egypt. The bomb detonated the magazines, causing a massive explosion that destroyed the ship with heavy casualties. Behind its Neoclassic facade (1741–43), the original basilica has resisted change. (Italian Navy WW2)Regia Nave VITTORIO VENETO.Nave da Battaglia classe Littorio. Her first mission of World War II came 31 August 1940 as part of the concentration of the Italian battleships to put to sea during the war. Italia, Vittorio Veneto, and Impero were broken up for scrap between 1952 and 1954. [2] They opted for this design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit. Il nome dell'unità rievoca la battaglia di Vittorio Veneto, combattuta tra il 24 ottobre ed il 3 novembre 1918, presso la città di Vittorio Veneto, sul fronte italiano della prima guerra mondiale che segnò la fine delle ostilità sul fronte italiano e la resa dell'Austria-Ungheria. They could elevate to 45 degrees, permitting a maximum range of 25,740 m (28,150 yd). Quick view. She was launched on 9 June 1940 and was completed on 14 June 1942,[10] after which she joined the fleet in La Spezia and replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. Littorio displaced 40,724 metric tons (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons) as designed and 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons) at full load. Roma was built by the CRDA shipyard, starting on 18 September 1938. Il 31 agosto 1940, assieme alla Littorio e a gran parte della I e della II Squadra Navale, uscì in mare per attaccare la flotta britannica impegnata nell'operazione Hats. Nel corso della battaglia la nave sparò 19 colpi da 381 con la torre poppiera, in sette salve, ad una distanza compresa fra i 29.000 ed i 32.000 metri, inducendo uno squadrone di sette incrociatori britannici ad accostare per portarsi fuori tiro. Aircraft facilities were located on the quarterdeck, where it was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros. [7] This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. Shipping excluded . By 1930, Germany had begun to build the three Deutschland-class ships, armed with six 280 mm (11 in) guns, and France had in turn laid down two Dunkerque-class battleships to counter them. [35] The ships made another unsuccessful sortie to attack another Malta convoy on 29 September. She briefly engaged British cruisers with her rear main battery turret, without scoring any hits. Bergamini class is the Italian variant of the FRigate European Multi-Mission (FREMM) class, a class of frigates designed by the French DCNS and the Italian Ficantieri in a joint program to replace the existing destroyers and frigates within the French and Italian navies. [43] Germany pressured the Italian Navy to begin the operation, under the impression that they had disabled two of the three battleships assigned to the British Mediterranean Fleet. [14] Figures for Roma's speed trials have not been recorded. The RN Vittorio Veneto was commissioned 1 May 1940. In late 1932, Italian constructors responded with a design similar to the Deutschland class, but armed with six 343 mm (13.5 in) guns in triple turrets on a 18,000 long tons (18,000 t) displacement. Trieste (L9890) is a landing helicopter dock (LHD) of the Italian Navy. San Rocco, yacht di bandiera austro-ungarica, n. costr. Varata il 7 luglio 2000, dopo avere iniziato ad effettuare le prove in mare il 27 aprile 2001, la nave è stata consegnata il successivo 31 luglio diventando operativa dall'anno seguente . Abstract. [13] The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. Both countries were put under significant pressure from the other signatories to use their allotted tonnage to build smaller battleships with reduced caliber main batteries. The riveted joint that connected the interior torpedo bulkhead to the bottom of the hull was not strong enough to sustain the tremendous shear loadings associated with direct contact explosions. Vittorio Veneto displaced 40,517 t (39,877 long tons; 44,662 short tons) and 45,029 t (44,318 long tons; 49,636 short tons), respectively. La Vittorio Veneto subì circa quattro mesi di riparazioni, rientrando in servizio a fine luglio 1941. REGIA MARINA . The London Naval Treaty of 1930 extended the building holiday to 1936, though Italy and France retained the right to build 70,000 tons of new capital ships. La storia del Vittorio Veneto è una grande storia di mare e in quanto tale attraversa dimensioni, vite, luoghi, situazioni, momenti storici diversi che trovano un … Dopo l'armistizio dell'8 settembre 1943 la Vittorio Veneto raggiunse Malta. She was transferred to Genoa for repairs, which were not completed before the Armistice that ended Italian participation in the war. Shipping excluded . Le lettere di ottone che componevano il nome a poppa, sono presso il Museo navale di Venezia; la centrale di tiro è conservata nel Museo tecnico navale di Spezia. [47] Before returning to port, a British Wellington bomber torpedoed the ship. Impostata nel 1934, fu varata a Trieste e completata nel 1940. 16,00 € Tax included . During the engagement, one of her Ro.43 reconnaissance planes was shot down by a Skua fighter. [51] The project was abandoned after Italy became involved in World War II, and as a result of limited Spanish industrial capacity. The three active battleships were transferred to Malta before they were to be interned in Alexandria. Più tardi, durante una serie di attacchi aerei, la corazzata fu immobilizzata, alle 15.30, da un aerosilurante britannico; colpita in prossimità dell'elica sinistra, si appoppò, imbarcando circa 4000 tonnellate d'acqua. [2], Il Littorio, in primo piano, e il Vittorio Veneto durante un'esercitazione nelle acque di Taranto, nell'estate del 1940, Il Vittorio Veneto con la livrea mimetica del 1943, voci di navi da battaglia presenti su Wikipedia, Le azioni durante la seconda guerra mondiale, La guerra italiana sul mare. 2 main battery turret and two on either side of the rear turret. [42], On 26 March 1941, Vittorio Veneto departed port to attack British convoys to Greece. Significant flooding caused the ship to settle by the bow.